The mnemonic for rememering the names of the essential amino acids:
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The essential amino acids are:
Some other amino acids are considered to be essential under certain conditions.
Normal Saline: 9 gram of NaCl in 1 litre of water
DEXA: (acronym) Dual Energy X-ray Absortiometry
DEXA scanning, is currently the most widely used method to measure bone mineral density.
They are organic compounds containing atleast one atom of an element other than carbon (nitrogen, sulphur etc.) within the ring structure. Eg: Pyrid
Imidazole is a nitrogen containing organic compound with the formula C3H4N2.
Structural formula, molecular model, ring structure
A nitrogen containing heterocyclic compound derived from imidazole.
Hemoglobinuria means the presence of hemoglobin in urine.
Ketone derivative of a steroid.
Refers to factors increasing the rate of formation of atheromas
The lipids absorbed from the intestine is incorporated into chylomicrons. They reach the blood stream through the thoracic duct after passing through the lymphatic systm. Within the peripheral circulation, the triglycerides in the chylomicrons are hydrolysed by lipoprotein lipase present in the endothelium of muscle and adipose tissue. This release free fatty acids and glycerol. The free fatty acids are taken up by muscles for energy production and by adipose tissue for storage. The glycerol is taken up by liver for gluconeogeneis and synthesis of triglycerides.
The chlyomicrons after loss of …
Lipoprotein is a conjugated protein composed of both lipids and protein. There are 5 major classes of lipoproteins in the blood involved in the transport of cholesterol and triglycerides. They are:
Protein combined with a non protein part (prosthetic group) forms a conjugated protein. Eg: lipoprotein, nucleoprotein, chromoprotein, glycoprotein
Carboxyhemoglobin is the product formed by the combination of carbon monoxide and hemoglobin. It is produced in red cells when a person inhales carbon monoxide. It does not have the capacity to transport oxygen. Large quantities of carboxyhemoglobin in blood can lead to death.
It is an enzyme located in the endothelium of blood vessels of adipose tissue, muscle and heart. It hydrolyses triglycerides present in chylomicrons and VLDL to fatty acids and glycerol. The fatty acids are taken up by adipose tissue for storage and muscle for utilisation in energy production. The glycerol released in taken up by liver for gluconeogenesis and triglyceride synthesis.
CHE - Acronym, abbreviation
CH – Acronym, abbreviation
TG – Acronym, abbreviation
IDL – Acronym, abbreviation
Intermediate Density Lipoprotei
VLDL – Acronym, abbreviation
Very Low Density Lipoprotein
LDL – acronym, abbreviation
Low Density Lipoprotein
HDL – Acronym, abbreviation
High Density Lipoprotien
Increased levels of lipids (cholesterol or triglycerides) in blood. It can increase risk of cardiovascular disease such as atherosclerosis.